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Sharks are Interesting - No Bones About It

WEEK #2


This book was chosen because it encourages reading skills, family learning, and learning about the world.


3 TYPES OF VOCABULARY IN THIS BOOK:

Vocabulary that is not explained in the text

Sharks are cartilaginous fishes, which means that they have no bones and no skeleton. The only fossil remains from ancient sharks are sharks’ teeth and jaws. This is a little bit confusing because sharks ARE fishes and they DO belong in the vertebrates, taxonomically speaking.


Rays and skates are other fishes without bones. Similar to sharks, they are cartilaginous. Humans have cartilage too. Your ears and nose are made of cartilage.


A tiger shark is not a tiger. A whale shark is not a whale. (Whales are mammals and breathe air.)


Wobbegong sharks and nurse sharks are camouflaged. They blend in with the bottom of their habitat.


Dangerous - This book gives a danger rating for each species of shark. Notice the skulls and crossbones? The number colored in red indicates how dangerous the shark is to humans.


Scales - This book has TWO types of scales.

  1. Fish have scales on their skin. The scales of sharks are so tiny that the skin feels like sandpaper.

  2. Scale is also a size comparison. Another example is the scale of a map. In this book, the size of each shark is compared to an adult human, which appears as a black silhouette. Is a basking shark larger than an adult human?


High-Frequency Words (sight words)

What is a

Blue

White

Fish


Fluency Phrases

Average length

Danger rating

Before the dinosaurs

Bigger than a bus

Great white shark

Hammerhead shark


ENRICHMENT BOOKS for extremely enthusiastic readers:


SHARKS (DK Pocket Genius: Facts at Your Fingertips) - These are especially good to give 2nd graders along with the above sticker book. The small size is fun to carry around. The books are packed with facts interesting to everyone who likes sharks, including grownups.


OUTDOOR ACTIVITY:

Painting an ocean scene! The kids will paint.


TEACHER TIPS: When using acrylic paints, it works best to give kids a brush and one color of paint in a paper cup. Do not give water or teach them to wash the brushes. First, teach them to use one color and one brush at a time. The cleanup can happen all at once just after they finish in a dishpan. This keeps the mess to a minimum.


Paints are chosen in part because they are exterior paint with low VOC ratings. (Low volatile organic compounds)


To keep paint from kids’ clothing, use old clean adult t-shirts over their clothing.


Wipes for kids’ hands are necessary. Be sure to use the type that is approved for use on skin, such as diaper wipes, not Clorox wipes or others with harsh cleaners.


INDOOR ACTIVITY:

Kids can use a plain piece of paper to create a habitat or ecosystem around one of the stickers (creatures) from the book.


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